Height, weight and body mass index in adults with congenital heart disease.

Int J Cardiol. 2015 May 6;187:219-26. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.153. Epub 2015 Mar 18.

Height, weight and body mass index in adults with congenital heart disease.

Sandberg C1Rinnström D2Dellborg M3Thilén U4Sörensson P5Nielsen NE6Christersson C7Wadell K8Johansson B2.

Comment:Sandberg and colleagues examined the distribution of body mass index (BMI) in adults with congenital heart disease utilizing the Swedish Registry on Congenital Heart Disease.  Compared to a reference population with an overweight/obesity (BMI >25) rate of 43% (which is much lower than the U.S. which has rates of 70%), men with complex congenital heart disease and in particular, subjects with pulmonary atresia/double outlet right ventricle and those with Fontan operation had lower rates of overweight/obesity (15% and 22% respectively).  However, women with atrioventricular defects were more likely to be obese (BMI >30) compared to the reference group (12.8% versus 9%).  Height was also noted to be less in men with complex lesions although heights measured for females was not that different than controls.